Muzium Negara Gallery C

The Colonial Era

Muzium Negara Gallery C highlights the coming of the European powers until independence of Malaya.


  1. The Portuguese Era
    At the height of the Melaka Sultanate, the port of Melaka was bustling with trade, a rich and prosperous 'jewel' whose importance would eventually lead to its conquest by the Portuguese.
  2. The Dutch Era
    Melaka was an important commercial entrepot on the west coast of the Malay Peninsula long before it fell to Portuguese forces in 1511, but thereafter began an extended process of decline that would continue after the Dutch conquest of the city in 1641.
  3. The British Era
    Due to its importance in trade and as a port of call, the East India Company requested that Sultan Abdullah of Kedah lease Penang to them in 1784. The Sultan initially refused. However in 1785, due to the threats from Siam and Burma that were both competing for power, the Sultan offered Penang to the East India Company.
  4. The Japanese Occupation
  5. The Education Systems in Malaya
  6. Freedom Fighters



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