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Parliament House

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Quick Facts about Parliament of Malaysia

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Symbol of Democracy

The Malaysia Parliament House is a symbol of democracy for Malaysia which practices parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch as the paramount ruler. This is where our laws are made and amended. It stands regally atop a hill close to the Kuala Lumpur Lake Gardens and National Monument of Malaysia.

The Malaysia Parliament House consist of a 3-storey rectangular main building which houses two national assembly halls. They are the Dewan Rakyat or the Lower House of Representatives, and the Dewan Negara or the Senate. Atop this main building are the majestic looking triangular concrete structures.

Next to this main building is the 17-storey tower block which houses the offices of the cabinet ministers and representatives of both houses. At the top of the tower is an open sided terrace that afford a spectacular view of capital city of Kuala Lumpur.

The Malaysia Parliament House is constructed with heat and light absorbing glass. The design of the tower block resembles that of a pineapple with beehive-like 'kerawang' or ornamental patterns. This provides a controlled environment for light and heat within.

One outstanding feature of the Malaysian Parliament House is the water distribution system which provides treated water which is dyed blue to prevent the growth of moss. It begin from the top of the buildings and continues throughout.

Other Facilities

Other facilities in the tower block are:

There is also a deer park within the compounds of the Parliament House. Here you will find dozens of deer running freely about within the park.

The Malaysia Parliament consist of

It is divided into three separate and independent parts, namely:

The Dewan Rakyat

These are Members of Parliament (MP) who were elected in the present election. There are 222 elected MPs. 140 MPs are with the ruling Barisan National and 82 are with the oposition Pakatan Rakyat. They will serve as MPs until the dissolution of Parliament pending the next general election.

Get this very informative book, Understanding the Dewan Rakyat, by The Nut Graph.

The Dewan Negara

The Dewan Negara is made up of 70 appointed members known as Senators. The 13 State Legislative Assembly each appoints 2 senators. The King appoints another 44 senators, on the advice of the Prime Minister.

Each term of senatorship is for 3 years. Each senator may serve up to a maximum of 2 terms. The tenure of the Dewan Negara is not determined by the dissolution of Parliament.

Functions of the Malaysia Parliament

Being the legislative authority of the nation, it makes laws applicable to the whole Federation of Malaysia. It functions are to:

Passing of a Bill

A bill will customarily start from the Dewan Rakyat. If it is approved here it gets promoted to the Dewan Negara where it is subject to another debate before it is presented to the King for his royal consent. Once it passes this stage it will be gazetted thus making it law.

Planning Your Visit

To visit the Malaysian Parliament you will first need to write a letter of application, addressed to: Head of Administration for Parliament Parliamentary Department of Malaysia Parliament Building 50680 Kuala Lumpur

You must include your telephone and fax numbers.

Dress Code to Visit The Parliament

If you are successful in your application, you are to observe the following dress rule:




Do and Don'ts During Your Visit

On your day of visit do bring the letter of approval for your visit together with your identification papers, namely your passport or Malaysian Identity Card.

You are to observe the no-smoking rule within the Parliament area. And do not take photographs while inside the Malaysia Parliament House.

Official Website Of The Parliament of Malaysia

See Parliament of Malaysia for more info

Check out the latest news on Malaysian politics

Go to the top of this Parliament House page


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