The Rukun Negara or Principles of Nationhood consist of 5 principles.
It was officially introduced on 31 August 1970 in the hope that it would strengthen national unity in Malaysia's multicultural society. The declaration of the 5 principles has been formulated as follows:
Rukun Negara in English:
Our nation Malaysia is dedicated to
- Achieving a greater unity for all her peoples
- Maintaining a democratic way of life
- Creating a just nation shall be equitably distributed
- Ensuring a liberal approach to her rich and diverse cultural traditions, and
- Building a progressive society which shall be oriented to modern science and technology.
We, her peoples, pledge our united efforts to attain these ends guided by these principles:
- Belief in God
- Loyalty to King and country
- Supremacy of the constitution
- Rule of Law
- Mutual respect and morality.
Rukun Negara in Malay:
Bahawasanya negara kita Malaysia mendukung cita-cita hendak:
* mencapai perpaduan yang lebih erat di kalangan seluruh masyarakatnya;
* memelihara satu cara hidup demokratik;
* mencipta satu masyarakat adil di mana kemakmuran Negara akan dapat dinikmati bersama secara adil dan saksama;
* menjamin satu cara liberal terhadap tradisi-tradisi kebudayaannya yang kaya dan berbagai corak; dan
* membina satu masyarakat progresif yang akan menggunakan sains dan teknologi moden.
Maka kami, rakyat Malaysia, berikrar akan menumpukan seluruh tenaga dan usaha kami untuk mencapai cita-cita tersebut berdasarkan atas prinsip-prinsip yang berikut :
* KEPERCAYAAN KEPADA TUHAN
* KESETIAAN KEPADA RAJA DAN NEGARA
* KELUHURAN PERLEMBAGAAN
* KEDAULATAN UNDANG-UNDANG
* KESOPANAN DAN KESUSILAAN
A 17 year old student was recently (2011) suspended from his school in Brickfields for questioning the practically and need for Rukunegara. Police reports were also lodged against this student at the Brickfields and Bukit Aman Police stations.
His trial examination results and school leaving certificate were also being withheld from him. So what did he really do to deserve all this?
He questioned (during a Morals subject examination on these principles):
- about the fundamental tenets of Rukunegara;
- the need to celebrate the independence of Malaysia when it is not a really independent (refering to the ruling government or BN regime);
- why there was a need to recite the first principles when many places of worship were being destroyed (here refering to the many Hindu temples that were demolished);
- why the need to be loyal to the King and Country when loyalty should come naturally and not forced upon;
Go to the top of this Rukun Negara page
Go to the National Symbols of Malaysia page
If you find this page helpful please recommend it by clicking on these buttons: